Microsoft recently introduced R integration capabilities in its Power BI offering stack (still in beta preview at the time of writing), and it is quite impressive. In order to get started with R and Power BI you need to download and install a distribution of R – recommended Microsoft R Open (MRAN) with Intel MKL library https://mran.revolutionanalytics.com/download/, and Power BI Desktop https://powerbi.microsoft.com/en-us/desktop/.
R integration with Power BI essentially breaks down into two parts:
I) Getting R data into Power BI and/or Power BI Desktop
II) Visualizing and analyzing data using R scripts in Power BI Desktop (no Power BI portal support yet)
There are a few great articles on R / Power BI integration:
– Running R Scripts in Power BI Desktop (Beta) http://powerbi.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/powerbi-desktop-r-scripts/
– Create Power BI visuals using R (Preview) http://powerbi.microsoft.com/en-us/documentation/powerbi-desktop-r-visuals/
– Visualizing and operationalizing R data in Power BI http://powerbi.microsoft.com/en-us/blog/visualizing-and-operationalizing-r-data-in-power-bi/
However, there are some steps that are missing in the documentation article Create Power BI visuals using R (Preview). The next 3 short paragraphs will address all the missing steps to get that guide fully working:
1. Getting R data in Power BI Desktop or Power BI – in our example will take one of the standard R sample datasets, which are also referenced in Microsoft guides – mtcars.
For the full list of available R sample sets check out: The R Datasets Package http://stat.ethz.ch/R-manual/R-devel/library/datasets/html/00Index.html
Open Power BI Desktop, select Get Data from the ribbon bar and provide the following one-liner script, when specifying R Script as a source of data:
2. Adding additional visualization packages to R – in order to add an external package to R, such as corrplot, we will use install.packages() command.
A couple of useful links:
– Available CRAN Packages By Date of Publication http://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/available_packages_by_date.html
– An Introduction to corrplot package https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/corrplot/vignettes/corrplot-intro.html
Open R GUI environment and run the following script:
3. Visualizing data using R script in Power BI Desktop – insert R visualization side-by-side with other standard Power BI charts for the same data.
Once you connect to external R sample data outlined in step 1, insert R chart and select all fields from mtcars dataset so they will appear in dataset in R script editor.
After you selected all fields and Power BI Desktop generated dataframe command: ‘dataset <- data.frame(hp, mpg, qsec, vs, wt, am, carb, cyl, disp, drat, gear)’, execute this script: